Social Psychology Peace Research: The needs of collective identities research

Vollhardt and Bilali (2008) focuses on the epistemology, concept, and concern of Social Psychology Peace Research (SPPR) that grows from elaboration of social psychology and psychology of peace. Social psychology, as stated by Vollhardt and Bilali, is uniquely positioned to analyze the interplay between the individual and the social or society in which also focuses…

Intergroup Dynamic Relations Research Towards Reconciliation and Peace

The awareness of casualties of war has been increasing within the global society nowadays. It leads to what Leidner et al. noted that, “globalization and cosmopolitanism have widened moral concern beyond group and state boundaries; … violence overall has declined steadily throughout human history” (p. 514). Nevertheless pessimistic view that human are violent “by nature”…

Resilience and Resilient Community

What is Resilience? The term ‘resilience’ occurred on the surface of discussion regarding human security and disaster. In everyday usage, John Twigg states that, resilience often mean the same as ‘capacity’ and ‘coping capacity’ [of community, emphasize by the author] (John Twigg, 2007). United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction defines resilience as, “[t]he ability…

The Meso-Level Theory in Religious-based Violence and Peace-Making

  This article particularly analyzes religious-based violence and peace-making using the theory, so-called: the meso-level theory. This theory operates the concepts of sociology of religion, especially the classical theories of Max Weber and Emile Durkheim. The meso-level theory of religious life from Max Weber consists of: [1] “religious leaders” and [2] “religious communities”. On the term…

Very Short Notes on Johan Galtung: Examining Religious Based Violent Conflict

Comments on Johan Galtung, Peace, Research, Education, Action, (Copenhagen: Christian Eljers, 1975), I.1. & I.4., pp. 29-48, 109-134. I fascinate Johan Galtung’s background both as a Mathematician and as a Norwich Lutheran Christian. As a mathematician he used to think with rigorous and logic arguments. On the other hand, his Christian understanding of Peace might arguably…

Security, Security Studies and the Logic of Securitisation

Security and Security Studies     Security studies mainly focuses on how society dealing with threats that have potentials endangering lives and livelihoods. Some threats can be traced back from the beginning of its occurrence as a risk. The risk can actualise itself into a kind of problem in society. A set of problems, then,…