Does the State Need to Securitize Water Issue? A Case study of Water Shortage and Human Security in South Africa

[I wrote this research paper for Security and Conflict Resolution Studies Course  instructed by Professor Wilhelm M. Vosse in Peace Studies program of International Christian University on Autumn Term, 2014] Abstract In this research paper, I will argue that environment issue, in this case, water scarcity issue, is not necessarily need to be securitized by government of particular state. I will…

Resilience and Resilient Community

What is Resilience? The term ‘resilience’ occurred on the surface of discussion regarding human security and disaster. In everyday usage, John Twigg states that, resilience often mean the same as ‘capacity’ and ‘coping capacity’ [of community, emphasize by the author] (John Twigg, 2007). United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction defines resilience as, “[t]he ability…